Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, born 25 December 1949 is a Pakistani conservative politician who served as 12th Prime Minister of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from November 1990 to July 1993, and from February 1997 to October 12, 1999. He is the current and incumbent President of the Pakistan Muslim League-N, the Centre-right and semi-Islamist conservative political force in Pakistan.
Before becoming the Prime minister, Sharif served as the 9th Chief Minister of Punjab Province from 1985 to 1990 and embarked his political career under the military regime of President General Zia-ul-Haq. In 1988 Mr Sharif founded the Islamic Democratic Alliance (IDA) with help of islamic and right bank parties for the 1988 elections. However Mr Sharif still lost the election to PPP led by Benazir Bhutto .
Nawaz’s father a steel magnate and founder of Ittefaq Group, a private steel mill enterprise and one of the largest producer of iron materials Mian Mohammed Sharif(Late) was a self made person who migrated from Indian Punjab before 1947 and started Steel business in Lahore and in next two decades he made an steel empire from a small kiln. Mr. Mohammed Sharif and ittefaq group faced a major set back in 1972 when Bhutto government nationalize all industries inducing Itefaq Foundries and seized the all assets of family.
Family remained few year in self exile in Dubai and established steel business in Dubai. In 1984 Zia ul Haq invited again Sharif family to Pakistan and and convince the family to establish their businesses again in Pakistan and returned their seized industrial units. After establishment of businesses family jointly decided to involve in politics.
His first term survived a constitutional crisis when President Ghulam Ishaq Khan attempted to dismissed Sharif by citing “corruption and nepotism”, which Sharif strongly denied and turned to Supreme Court. The apex Supreme Court ruled out that President could not dismiss a government for being corrupt, therefore, the government was restored. His first term was finally dismissed after the Pakistan Armed Forces pressured him to resign
to end the political standoff with President Ghulam Ishaq Khan, which he too was forced to resigned.
From 1993 until 1996, Sharif served as the Leader of the Opposition. In 1997, he was elected on for a second term by an overwhelming margin after defeating Benazir Bhutto whose government was dismissed on corruption allegations by the Army. During his second term, he notably ordered Pakistan’s first nuclear tests in response to India’s nuclear tests, as part of his tit-for-tat policy, a termed he coined after the tests. Sharif ordered Pakistan Armed Forces into action in the Gulf War joining the American led coalition . Sharif controversially appointed Pervez Musharraf— then lieutenant-general and commander of the I Strike Corps— as the Chief of Army Staff and promoted him to the 4 star rank. Sharif later violated the code of conduct of Pakistan Armed Forces when he controversially appointed General Pervez Musharraf as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee. His decision forced Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Fasih Bokhari to resign from the Navy.
Problems with Pakistan Armed Forces further escalated after Sharif ordered a complete evacuation of Pakistan Armed Forces from Kargil, and he was finally ousted in an military coup d’état led by General Pervez Musharraf after Navaz made an unconstitutional and unsuccessful attempt to relieve General Pervez Musharraf as Chief of Army Staff and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee. He dramatically returned to Pakistan in late 2007 after eight years of forced exile by General Musharraf in a secret contract he claimed that he was forced to sign in. Now in Pakistan, Sharif successfully called for Musharraf’s impeachment and the reinstatement of Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry.