Malakand District

Area: 952 km2
Population:  567,000 < est.2004
National Assembly Seats: 1
Provincial Assembly Seats:  2
Talluqas/ Subdivisions: 2

1-       Sam Ranizai

2-      Swat Ranizai

Current Party Position

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Party Ranking:

JI

1

ANP

2

PTI

3

PPP

4

Most Influential Politician:

The District was formed in 1970 as a Provincially Administered Tribal Area, It had previously been a Tribal Area known as the Malakand Protected Area, part of the Malakand Agency. From 1970 to 2000 the District was part of Malakand Division.

Malakand District lies at a strategically important position as it acts as a gateway to Swat, Dir, Chitral and Bajaur. It is surrounded by a series of mountains that were overgrown with different kinds of trees in the past though they have a barren look today. The famous Malakand Pass which connects Mardan to Swat and Dir is located near Dargai, where the local Pushtun tribes fought two fierce battles with the British army in 1895 and 1897.

The Swat River flows through the District down towards Charsadda District where it falls into the Kabul River. Malakand Districty is bounded on the north by Lower Dir District, on the East by Swat District, on the south east and south west by Mardan and Charsadda districts respectively and on the west by Mohmand and Bajour Agencies. The area of Malakand protected area is 952 km2.

Formerly known as Malakand Agency or Malakand Protected Area, it was given the status of a district in 2001. Politically, no clear vote bank exists there for any political party, be it the PPP or ANP.

The Malakand Pass is an essential communication link for the districts of Swat, Dir, Bajaur, Buner, Shangla and Chitral along with other parts of the country. Chromite, iron, china clay and fuller’s earth are mined here, with mineral extraction still an untapped resource for the economy. The district was also affected by the recent wave of militancy in the Frontier province

National Assembly Constituencies:

NA- 35  Malakand        Malakand District