|Area: 3,527 km2 (1,362 sq mi)|
|Population: 13,052,000 Est. 2010|
|National Assembly Seats: 20|
|Provincial Assembly Seats: 42|
|Tehsils/ Towns: 18|
Current Party Position
Most Influential Politician: Altaf Hussain
The country’s biggest city is often called mini-Pakistan and home of over 14.5 million people from every community and ethnicity in the country. Some people say that Karachi has more Pashtuns than Peshawar and more Baloch than any city of Balochistan. And that’s not even considering the large population of non-Pakistanis that make their home here, such as almost a million Afghans.
Just a settlement for fishermen in early nineteenth century Karachi moved to the status of Municipal Committee in 1853, became Municipal Corporation in 1933 and got the status of Metropolitan Corporation in 1976. After Pakistan was created in 1947, the city’s demography changed dramatically as Muslim refugees from all over India migrated to the new country and settled here. They brought with them their culture and cuisine, adding to the diversity of the city. From a population of about 0.4 million people in 1947, it has now grown into one of the biggest cities in the world.
Karachi was the first federal capital also, but it was shifted north to Islamabad in 1960 by General Ayub Khan.
“The City of Lights” as it has been lovingly called, Karachi was a stronghold of religio-political parties until the 1980s. With the revival of political activities after the lifting of martial law by General Ziaul Haq, the newly set up Muhajir Qaumi Movement (MQM) – now the Muttahida Qaumi Movement – emerged as the single biggest party in the city and remains so, despite the army operations against it from1992 to 1996.
Karachi’s other significant political movements included those directed against the regimes of Ayub Khan in 1968 and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1977. Earlier in 1953, it was the home of Pakistan’s first student movement.
There area twenty National assembly constituencies of Karachi city district. In Elections of 2002 Muttehedda Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) the religious alliance challenged MQM traditional unopposed dominance and clinched five seats from jaws of MQM. One seat pocketed by Mohajer Qoumi Movement and two (2) by PPPP.
On the other hand in 2008 MQM re gained its traditional hold in Karachi and won seventeen (17) seats out of total twenty. PPPP claimed three (3) seats.
In present scenario, though Imran Khan’s PTI did an impressive show of power in Karachi but PTI lack political home work in Karachi’s local politics. PTI can lead the show and demonstrate the success like 2002’s MMA if they unite all anti MQM forces under their banner and do some seat adjustments accordingly.
National Assembly Constituencies:
NA-239 Karachi-i Costal areas of kemari, Hawksbay, Parts of Baldia Town
NA-241 Karachi-iii Towheed colony, Orangi Town, Frontier colony, Bhawani Chali
NA-242 Karachi-iv Orangi Town, Peerabad, Qasba, New Mianwali colony
NA-243 Karachi-v North Karachi, New Karachi, Surjani
NA-244 Karachi-vi North Karachi, New Karachi, Buffer Zone, F.B.Area
NA-245 Karachi-vii North Karachi, New Karachi, N. Nazim Aabad, Shadman Town
NA-246 Karachi-viii Gulberg town, Liaqat Abad
NA-247 Karachi-ix Nazim Abad, Liaqat Abad, Qasim Abad, Gulbahar, Mureed Goth, Firdous colony
NA-248 Karachi-x Layari
NA-249 Karachi-xi Kumbhar Wara, Usman abad, Dhobi ghat, Ghas mandi, Garden, Lee Market
NA-250 Karachi-xii Saddar, Urdu Bazar, Clifton, Shireen Jinah Colony, bath island, Gizri, kalapul
NA-251 Karachi-xiii Chaneser Goth, Mehmmod abad, Azam Town, Manzoor Colony, PECHS
NA-252 Karachi-xiv PIB Colony, PECHS, Gulshan e Iqbal, Nishtar Road, C.P Barar, Soldier bazar
NA-253 Karachi-xv Gulshan, Gulistan-e-johar, Gulshane Iqbal, Brohi goth, University Road
NA-254 Karachi-xvi Korangi, Bhitai colony
NA-255 Karachi-xvii Landhi, korangi
NA-256 Karachi-xviii Drig Road, Shah Faisal Colony, GreenTown, SFC Town, Model Colony, Malir Halt
NA-257 Karachi-xix Malir, Malir Cantt. Khuldabad, Cattle colony, Saudabad, Sabir Colony, Landhi
NA-258 Karachi-xx Sector 4 to 6 of Landhi, Muzaffarabad Colony, Bilal Colony, Burmese Colony, Labour Colony, Sharafi Goth, Ibrahim Haidery
- Allama Shah Ahmed Noorani (Late)
- Altaf Hussain
- Azeem Ahmed Tariq
- Dr. Farooq Sattar
- Dr. Imran Farooq (Late)
- Moulana Mohammed Yousuf Binnori (Late)
- Mustafa Kamal
- Dr. Ishrat ul Ibad Khan
- Hakeem Mohammed Saeed (Late)
- Syed Munawer Hassan
- Abdul Sattar Afghani
- Naimatullah Khan
- Mohammed Hussain Mehnati